Know the Side Effects of Cancer Treatment

Cancer can attack any part of the body. Cancer can arise due to an unhealthy lifestyle, or certain medical conditions. One cancer that is generally rare but can be a threat to health is anal cancer. Anal cancer can occur due to heredity or genetics. Several steps to treat anal cancer are actually available, but it also has side effects.

Some of the symptoms that can appear when you have anal cancer are bleeding in the anus, itching, and discharge in the anus. Symptoms can get worse if anal cancer treatment is not done immediately. These symptoms include:

  • Changes in bowel pattern, such as frequent diarrhea, constipation or more frequent bowel movements.
  • There is dark or red blood in the stool.
  • Sudden discharge from the anus.
  • Pain during bowel movements.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Black stools.
  • Have iron deficiency anemia.
  • Weight loss drastically.
  • Easily feels weak or tired.

If you already feel the symptoms above, the doctor recommends some anal cancer treatments. However, pay attention to the side effects that occur so they don’t worsen your health condition. The following are types of treatment and side effects that occur:

1. Radiotherapy.

Treatment is carried out by firing high-powered rays such as X-rays and protons into the affected area. Radiotherapy can also damage healthy cells around the cancer, which can cause side effects. Some of these side effects include:

  • Burning sensation on the skin.
  • Irritation and pain in the anus.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Nausea.
  • Fatigue.
  • Feeling discomfort during bowel movements.
  • Irritation of vaginal discharge in women that causes discomfort and discharge.

2. Chemotherapy.

This treatment method is aimed at killing cancer cells using chemical drugs in pill form or intravenous solutions. Chemotherapy kills rapidly growing cells, such as cancer cells. Therefore, chemotherapy also causes the death of healthy cells that grow rapidly such as hair and digestive tract cells, causing side effects in sufferers. Some of the side effects of anal cancer treatment include:

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Hair loss.
  • Sprue
  • Diarrhea.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Decreased blood cell count.

Usually chemotherapy is carried out synergistically with radiotherapy to obtain more effective treatment results. By using CBD Oil, you can prevent the effects of chemotherapy from getting worse. Because CBD Oil can activate specific receptors on brain cells that produce antiemetic or anti-nausea effects.

3. Cancer Tissue Surgery.

This method is done by removing the cancerous tissue in the anus. Surgery can be done at an early or advanced stage. Early-stage cancer surgery is usually done by removing the cancer tissue and a little of the healthy tissue around it. In early-stage cancer surgery, doctors try not to damage the anal sphincter muscle because this muscle functions to regulate bowel movements.

Whereas in advanced cancer surgery, it is performed on cancer patients who do not respond to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This advanced cancer surgery is performed by cutting the anus, rectum and part of the large intestine. The remainder of the rectum and large intestine is connected to the abdominal wall and a hole (stoma) is made so that feces can be removed through the hole. Then the stool will be accommodated in a bag (colostomy bag) that is connected to the intestine at the stoma, before being removed.